Category Archives: Terraced house meaning in urdu

Terraced house meaning in urdu

Around a quarter of the population live with a neighbour on each side of them in a set of three or more uniformly designed houses, sharing common materials and plan forms. The style first emerged as a building type in the late 17th century and continued to develop in line with the development of towns and cities across England.

Georgian terraced housing was initially fashionable and expensive, and speculative builders worked quickly to put up new streets. Technological advances made this increased level of development possible. The price of glass also fell, meaning windows could be large enough to illuminate the floor space and stairs from only two walls.

This was coupled with the invention of the sash window, which allowed for improved ventilation. As the popularity of terraces grew, builders experimented with new styles including circuses and crescents, good examples of which exist in Brighton, Bristol and Weston-Super-Mare.

The grandest late Georgian and Regency terraces faced onto a square or garden. By the late Georgian and early Victorian period many towns across the country, including York, Exeter, Hull, Liverpool and Leeds, had handsome streets for the wealthier urban classes lined with the ordered facades of terraced development.

Later on, terraced housing became a solution to demographic changes in England that saw huge urban population growth as a result of the Industrial Revolution. Large numbers of terraces were built speculatively to accommodate householders further down the socio-economic scale, who needed to live near their places of work.

At the same time, the terrace form was also used for model communities sponsored by enlightened mill owners and employers like Titus Salt, who constructed Saltaire for his workforce. In the middle of the 19th Century the style became more closely associated with the aspiring middle classes, as the rich looked for individual, detached houses.

During this time, the middle class terrace typically had much more colour and decoration than its Georgian predecessor: ornate details and trims, bay windows, stained glass panes and tiling patterns on roofs are all common features. However, these houses were often put up speculatively and so the quality could be very poor. By the later Victorian period, the upper middle classes were seeking detached houses or villas, and the terrace then became associated with the lower middle classes.

The Public Health Act of obliged local authorities to use byelaws to regulate terraced housing, and subsequently construction was required to meet a certain set of standards.

The new requirements introduced improved sanitation and ventilation, requiring toilets often built outside to be included.

A large stock of Byelaw Terraced Housing still exists. Though standardisation is a key characteristic of terraced housing, there is some regional variation. For example the urban mews tends to be a London style though some examples exist in Brightonwhilst the back to back is more common in the North. In the early 20th Century the popularity of the terrace continued but new architectural styles emerged.

Terraces from this period are typically even more decorative than their predecessors, as the Arts and Craft Movement inspired a greater focus on ornament, for example adding greater embellishment to chimneys, windows and porches. Following the end of the First World War and the advent of new housing legislation inVictorian terraces swiftly became associated with overcrowding and slums.

The new kind of terrace was much shorter, usually in runs of four or six, and formed part of the large new municipal estates built between the wars along Garden City lines, with private gardens front and back and set in low density, green streetscapes. In the private sector, the popularity of the terrace declined and gave way to the rise of the suburban semi-detached houses, as the railways and electric tramways allowed workers to move further out from city centres across England.

During this time, Modernism arrived in Britain and some architects made gentle experiments with the terrace.

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During the Second World Warhouses were destroyed,made uninhabitable and three million damaged. A radical rethink of housing design was desperately needed and architects began to look up. However, tower blocks declined in popularity amongst architects and the public alike in the aftermath of the partial collapse of Ronan Point. Some post-war architects continued to design terraces, citing ideas about improved social cohesion and community values.

These were often, high-density low-rise terraces of flats rather than single homes as they had been previously. Though we commonly associate contemporary housing in cities and towns with high-rise glass and steel, there has been some new terrace construction in the Post-Modern and High-Tech styles.

More recently, the Stirling Prize-winning architects Mikhail Riches have won praise for their scheme in Norwich, the terraces of which reflect the much loved housing of the Golden Triangle.

Well done Charlotte. A concise digest of English terrace housing.Terraced houses have been popular in the United Kingdom, particularly England and Wales, since the 17th century. They were originally built as desirable properties, such as the townhouses for the nobility around Regent's Park in central Londonand the Georgian architecture in Bath.

The design became a popular way to provide high-density accommodation for the working class in the 19th century, when terraced houses were built extensively in urban areas throughout Victorian Britain.

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Though numerous terraces have been cleared and demolishedmany remain and have regained popularity in the 21st century. Terraced housesas defined by various bye-laws established in the 19th century, particularly the Public Health Actare distinguished by properties connecting directly to each other in a row, sharing a party wall.

A house may be several storeys high, one or two rooms deep, and optionally contain a basement and attic. For a typical two-up two-down house, the front room has historically been the parlouror reception room, where guests would be entertained, while the rear would act as a living room and private area.

A terraced house has windows at both the front and the back of the house; if a house connects directly to a property at the rear, it is a back to back house. Terraced houses were introduced to London from Italy in the s. Building materials were supplied locally, using stone where possible such as Bath stone in the eponymous cityotherwise firing brick from clay. The house was divided into small rooms partly for structural reasons, and partly because it was more economical to supply timber in shorter lengths.

However, these requirements did not extend elsewhere, and towns had varying requirements until the midth century. Terraced houses were still considered desirable architecture at the start of the 19th century.

The architect John Nash included terraced houses when designing Regent's Park inas it would allow individual tenants to feel as if they owned their own mansion. The terraced house reached mass popularity in the midth century as a result of increased migration to urban areas.

Terraced houses became an economical solution to fit large numbers of people into a relatively constricted area. In the Rhonddathe population increased from 4, in toin Because of the imposing local geography, containing narrow river valleys surrounded by mountains, terraced houses were the most economic means of providing sufficient accommodation for workers and their families.

Nationwide legislation for terraced housing began to be introduced during the Victorian era. Other building codes inherited from various local councils defined a minimum set of requirements for drainage, lighting and ventilation.

The various acts led to a uniform design of terraced houses that was replicated in streets throughout the country. This design was still basic, however; for example, inonly houses out of 10, in Rochdale had an indoor WC.

Terraced houses were as popular in working-class Northern Ireland as in Britain.

terraced house meaning in urdu

The Bogside in Derry is composed mainly of traditional Victorian terraces and their overcrowding in the midth century was a key trigger for the Troubles. Though many working-class people lived in terraces, they were also popular with middle classes in some areas, particularly the North of England. In some areas, these terraces contained 70—80 houses per acre.

These contained eight or nine rooms each and included upstairs bathrooms and indoor toilets. Terraced houses began to be perceived as obsolete following World War I and the rise of the suburban semi-detached house. The criteria of what constituted a "slum" gradually rose during the early 20th century, such that by the s it was applied to houses that had been previously considered perfectly acceptable.

Since the s, successive governments have looked unfavourably on terraced houses, believing them to be outdated and attempting to clear the worst slums. By the s, traditional urban terraces were being upgraded by fitting modern bathroom and heating systems, and began to become popular again.Terrene : of or relating to or inhabiting the land as opposed to the sea or air.

Ternary : the cardinal number that is the sum of one and one and one. It helps you understand the word Terrace with comprehensive detail, no other web page in our knowledge can explain Terrace better than this page. The page not only provides Urdu meaning of Terrace but also gives extensive definition in English language. The definition of Terrace is followed by practically usable example sentences which allow you to construct your own sentences based on it.

You can also find multiple synonyms or similar words of Terrace. All of this may seem less if you are unable to learn exact pronunciation of Terrace, so we have embedded mp3 recording of native Englishman, simply click on speaker icon and listen how English speaking people pronounce Terrace.

We hope this page has helped you understand Terrace in detail, if you find any mistake on this page, please keep in mind that no human being can be perfect.

A Brief Introduction to Terraced Housing

Wordinn Urdu. Terrific Terrifically. Terrace Detail Quiz.In architecture and city planninga terrace or terraced house UK or townhouse US [a] is a form of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, whereby a row of attached dwellings share side walls.

They are also known in some areas as row houses or row homes especially in locations such as PhiladelphiaNew York CityBaltimoreBostonWashington, D.

Terraced houses in the United Kingdom

Terrace housing can be found throughout the world, though it is in abundance in Europe and Latin America, and extensive examples can be found in the United States, Canada, and Australia. The Place des Vosges in Paris — is one of the early examples of the style. Sometimes associated with the working classhistorical and reproduction terraces have increasingly become part of the process of gentrification in certain inner-city areas.

Though earlier Gothic ecclesiastical examples, such as Vicars' Close, Wellsare known, the practice of building new domestic homes uniformly to the property line really began in the 16th century following Dutch and Belgian models and became known in English as "row" houses.

For example, in "Yarmouth Rows"Great YarmouthNorfolkthe building fronts uniformly ran right to the property line. The term terrace was borrowed from garden terraces by British architects of the late Georgian period to describe streets of houses whose uniform fronts and uniform height created an ensemble that was more stylish than a "row". Townhouses or townhomes are generally two- to three-storey structures that share a wall with a neighbouring unit. As opposed to apartment buildings, townhouses do not have neighbouring units above or below them.

They are similar in concept to row houses or terraced houses except they are usually divided into smaller groupings of homes. The first and last of the houses is called an end terrace and is often a different layout from the houses in the middle, sometimes called mid-terrace. In Australia, the term "terrace house" refers almost exclusively to Victorian and Edwardian era terraces or replicas almost always found in the older, inner city areas of the major cities.

terraced house meaning in urdu

Terraced housing was introduced to Australia from Britain in the nineteenth century, basing their architecture on those in the UK, France and Italy.

Large numbers of terraced houses were built in the inner suburbs of large Australian cities, particularly Sydney and Melbournemainly between the s and the s terraced housing is rare outside of these cities.

Detached housing became the popular style of housing in Australia following Federation in The most common building material used was brickoften covered with cement render and then painted. Many terraces were built in the " filigree " style, a style distinguished through heavy use of cast iron ornament; it has a level paved area in front, also known as terrace, particularly on the balconies and sometimes depicting native Australian flora.

In the s, many urban renewal programs were aimed at eradicating them entirely in favour of modern development. In recent decades these inner-city areas and their terraced houses have been gentrified.

The suburbs in which terrace houses are often found are often sought after in Australia due to their proximity to the Central Business Districts of the major cities. They are therefore sometimes quite expensive even though they may not be the preferred accommodation style.

The lack of windows on the side, the small gardens, and the relative darkness of the rooms is at odds with the design favoured for modern Australian homes. The lack of off-street parking in some terraces is also an issue for the majority of Australians. In Finlandan agrarian country where urbanism was a generally late phenomenon, the rivitalo literally: row house has not been seen as a particularly urban house type.

terraced house meaning in urdu

What is regarded as the first terraced house to be built, Ribbingshofin the new Helsinki suburb of Kulosaari was designed by renowned architect Armas Lindgrenand was inspired by ideas from the English Garden City movement and Hampstead Garden Suburband was seen as a relatively low density residential area. A similarly leafy suburban street of terraced houses was that of Hollantilaisentie in the suburb of MunkkiniemiHelsinki, designed by architect Eliel Saarinen.

They were initially envisioned as workers' housing, as part of a grand new urban scheme for the entirety of north-west Helsinki, but from the outset became a fashionable middle-class residential area. Later terraced housing in Finland is similarly associated with suburban middle-class living, such as the Tapiola garden city, Espoofrom the s.

Terraced housing has long been a popular form in Paris, France. The Place des Vosges — was one of the earliest examples of the arrangement. Terraced building including housing was also used primarily during Haussmann's renovation of Paris between and creating whole streetscapes consisting of terraced rows.

The first streets of houses with uniform fronts were built by the Huguenot entrepreneur Nicholas Barbon in the rebuilding after the Great Fire of London. Fashionable terraces appeared in London's Grosvenor Square from onwards and in Bath 's Queen Square from onwards. The term was picked up by speculative builders like Thomas Cubitt and soon became commonplace. It is far from being the case that terraced houses were only built for people of limited means. This is especially true in London, where some of the wealthiest people in the country owned them in locations such as Belgrave Square and Carlton House Terrace.Add terrace to one of your lists below, or create a new one.

Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English.

Terraced house

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Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English. Word Lists. Choose your language. My word lists. Tell us about this example sentence:. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. The sentence contains offensive content. Cancel Submit.

Your feedback will be reviewed. B2 a flat area of stone or grass outside a housewhere people sit and sometimes eat. You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics: Parts of gardens. Areas of land where crops are grown. Sports venues. Farming - general words. Examples of terrace. First, are farmers more likely to adopt conservation measures, such as terraces, if they also alter their agricultural practices?

From the Cambridge English Corpus. The lower terraces and courts are arranged around the more intimate landscape spaces with south-facing terraced gardens. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. The building type that gradually evolved was neither a terrace house nor a block of flats.

That keeps us from working the land enough and building enough terraces. The central temple includes bands and triangles on the substructure element and terrace and scrolls on the molding above the door. The hilly terrain was also widely terraced to prevent erosion and maintain soil productivity.

Higher rainfall, which can lead to erosion but is also associated with higher production possibility, was positively associated with terrace adoption.

Additionally, 4, hectares had terraces, 5, hectares had measures that help control water erosion, and hectares had improved water management reservoirs and irrigation systems.Some researchers use quantitative methods to exclude outliers.

In some areas of research, such "cleaning" of the data is absolutely necessary. For example, in cognitive psychology research on reaction times, even if almost all scores in an experiment are in the range of 300-700 milliseconds, just a few "distracted reactions" of 10-15 seconds will completely change the overall picture.

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It should also be noted that in some rare cases, the relative frequency of outliers across a number of groups or cells of a design can be subjected to analysis and provide interpretable results. For example, outliers could be indicative of the occurrence of a phenomenon that is qualitatively different than the typical pattern observed or expected in the sample, thus the relative frequency of outliers could provide evidence of a relative frequency of departure from the process or phenomenon that is typical for the majority of cases in a group.

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Correlations in Non-homogeneous Groups. A lack of homogeneity in the sample from which a correlation was calculated can be another factor that biases the value of the correlation. Imagine a case where a correlation coefficient is calculated from data points which came from two different experimental groups but this fact is ignored when the correlation is calculated.

Let us assume that the experimental manipulation in one of the groups increased the values of both correlated variables and thus the data from each group form a distinctive "cloud" in the scatterplot (as shown in the graph below).

In such cases, a high correlation may result that is entirely due to the arrangement of the two groups, but which does not represent the "true" relation between the two variables, which may practically be equal to 0 (as could be seen if we looked at each group separately, see the following graph).

If you suspect the influence of such a phenomenon on your correlations and know how to identify such "subsets" of data, try to run the correlations separately in each subset of observations. If you do not know how to identify the hypothetical subsets, try to examine the data with some exploratory multivariate techniques (e. Nonlinear Relations between Variables. Another potential source of problems with the linear (Pearson r) correlation is the shape of the relation.

terraced house meaning in urdu

The possibility of such non-linear relationships is another reason why examining scatterplots is a necessary step in evaluating every correlation. What do you do if a correlation is strong but clearly nonlinear (as concluded from examining scatterplots). Unfortunately, there is no simple answer to this question, because there is no easy-to-use equivalent of Pearson r that is capable of handling nonlinear relations.

If the curve is monotonous (continuously decreasing or increasing) you could try to transform one or both of the variables to remove the curvilinearity and then recalculate the correlation.

Another option available if the relation is monotonous is to try a nonparametric correlation (e. However, nonparametric correlations are generally less sensitive and sometimes this method will not produce any gains. Unfortunately, the two most precise methods are not easy to use and require a good deal of "experimentation" with the data.

Therefore you could:Exploratory Examination of Correlation Matrices. A common first step of many data analyses that involve more than a very few variables is to run a correlation matrix of all variables and then examine it for expected (and unexpected) significant relations. For example, by definition, a coefficient significant at the. There is no "automatic" way to weed out the "true" correlations.Comes to hand quickly and placed at Sunshine Coast when last first-up, not the worst.

Takes Time (7) Scratched 8. Himalayan Salt (6) Scratched 4. Grinch (8) ScratchedWITNESS faded to finish on the winners' heels last start at Ipswich on a soft track and has two placings from three runs this prep, genuine contender. TAKES TIME likes a heavier track and a winner at first outing this prep, could upset.

HIMALAYAN SALT faded to finish on the winners' heels last start at Rockhampton and won once this prep at Rockhampton four runs back, don't treat lightly.

GRINCH surprised punters to win at long odds at only start at Gold Coast, each-way claims. Blonde By Choice (2) 14. Vivi Granda (16) 11. Calisto (8) Hard to see anything beating the favourite. BRICKHALL just missed when heavily backed last start at Sunshine Coast and has placed in two attempts this campaign, big chance.

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BLONDE BY CHOICE drops in weight and is a strong finisher, place best. VIVI GRANDA drops 1. CALISTO narrowly beaten at long odds last start at Sunshine Coast and has two placings from four runs this prep, chance to place. Jennifer Juniper (7) Scratched 4. Ragazzo Del Corsa (4) 6. JENNIFER JUNIPER chased well to fall just short last start at Ipswich when first up and capable of finising strongly, dangerous.

RAGAZZO DEL CORSA back from 20 week spell and placed at last trial at this track, could upset. TYCOON TYKE placed last start at Sunshine Coast on a soft track when first up, don't treat lightly. Marseille En Fleur (10) Scratched 8.

Social Vampire (5) 5. Omnia Marka Tayada (3) MARSEILLE EN FLEUR expected to settle on speed and has two placings from six runs this prep, a winning chance. SOCIAL VAMPIRE carries a lot less weight and won't be far away in the run, looks threatening. CELLYSE made ground late to win last start at Sunshine Coast on a soft track and goes well at the track, cannot be ruled out. Arazona (3) Scratched 1.